Foods for parrots: 19 spices for parrots

As good parrot parents, we’re always looking for new foods to offer to our feathered friends in order to add enrichment and keep their diet rich in nutrients. Parrot Essentials offers plenty of ideas for novel foods for parrots our blog (see the posts on herbs for parrots, sprouting seeds for parrots, foraging for parrots and more). Let’s expand that idea list and talk spices!

Keep reading for everything you need to know about which household spices you might have lying around can also be offered to your parrot.

Why would you give spices to your parrot?

You might be wondering at this point why we’d feed spices to our parrot. After all, by definition, spices are often not the most nutritious. Some spices consist of the seeds, roots or fruits of a plant, but others are plain bark or pods. They’re usually dried, further reducing their nutritiousness.

Still, we think spices are a great addition to parrot diet. Here are a few reasons to consider:

  • Although parrots’ sense of taste isn’t as developed as that of humans, they do actually have the capability to taste what they’re eating. As such, you can use spices to make foods for parrots more interesting to them.
  • Spices can help in giving food a more attractive color (yellow with turmeric, red with paprika, etc.).
  • Although spices should be fed sparingly just in case, many do have certain health benefits (although research on the benefits for birds specifically is very much lacking).
  • Most importantly to us, spices offered whole are just a great combination of food and toy. Many parrots love picking them apart, crushing them and tasting them. This makes spices a great potential source of enrichment for our captive birds.
19 spices for parrots

Foods for parrots: Safe & unsafe spices for parrots

NameSuitable for parrots?
Allspice (Pimenta dioica)Yes
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)Yes
Caraway (Carum carvi)Yes
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)Not sure
Chinese cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia)No
Celery seeds (Apium graveolens)Yes
Ceylon (true) cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)Yes
Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)Yes
Coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum)Probably yes
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)Yes
Dill seed (Anethum graveolens)Yes
Dried chili pepper, cayenne, etc. (Capsicum sp.)*Yes
Fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare)Yes
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)Yes
Galangal (Alpinia galanga)Probably yes
Garlic (Allium sativum)No
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)Yes
Juniper berries (Juniperus communis)Yes
Mace (Myristica fragrans)No
Mustard seeds (Brassica sp.)Yes
Nigella (Nigella sativa)Yes
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)No
Paprika (Capsicum annuum)Yes
Peppercorns (black, white, red, green; Piper nigrum)Probably yes
Peppercorns (pink; Schinus molle)Probably no
Saffron (Crocus sativus)Probably yes
Star anise (Illicium verum)Yes
Sumac (Rhus sp.)Yes
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)Yes
Vanilla bean (Vanilla planifolia)Probably yes
* Yes, parrots can eat spicy peppers. They don’t have receptors for capsaicin, the compound that causes the burn. You can in fact buy dried chilis as a snack for parrots!

Don’t forget…

Although parrots can eat many of the spices we use in cooking, it’s important not to overdo it. Don’t offer your parrot a bowl full of cloves, star anise and ginger on the daily, as this can lead to an upset stomach. Many dried spices are very rich in essential oils, which is hard on both human and parrot tummies, and some possess other properties that can have negative effects in larger quantities.

So, instead of a full bowl, just offer your parrot a single pod, berry or piece of bark to play with and chew on. Seed spices like caraway can be used to make homemade birdie bread more exciting or as an addition to a seed mix.


There are many different types of spices out there and a good number of them are safe for our parrots. Use them to make your bird’s food more exciting and as an easy way to offer a fun new enrichment option!

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This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. Garlic:
    Raw no, but garlic sticks sold for parrots and toast slightly rubbed with garlic yes.
    Ginseng? Is this good or not?

    1. Hi Patricia,

      This is correct. Raw garlic is not good for parrots but garlic sticks are OK when given as a treat.
      There is very limited information on Ginseng and pets. It can be given and the side effects are limited, however, you should avoid giving Ginseng unless instructed to by a vet.
      It is not recommended to give Ginseng to pets with a heart condition, high blood pressure and a few other health problem.
      I hope this helps a little bit.

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