Can Parrots Eat Tuna?

Have you ever wondered if your parrot can eat! Or can parrots eat tuna? The simple answer is yes, but you must consider your parrot’s dietary requirements.

Parrots are among the most popular indoor birds. These intelligent and engaging birds are affectionate and entertaining, making them brilliant companions. However, they do require regular engagement and adequate nutrition. A common challenge that new parrot owners face is what to feed their new pet birds. Parrots are omnivores, meaning that although they mainly feed on plant matter, they can digest some animal products. Does that also mean they can eat fish?

Can Parrots Eat Tune as pets?

Tuna is rich in protein, B vitamins, and omega-3 fatty acids, which are great for your parrot. However, seafood may contain elements such as pollutants and mercury, which in turn can harm your pet bird. As such, you should feed it in moderation.

Because they have unique nutritional requirements, poor nutrition is one of the main causes of illness in parrots. These birds require a blend of minerals, vitamins, proteins and other essential nutrients for optimal health. Symptoms of malnutrition in parrots range from mild signs like feather pulling to severe conditions such as cognitive impairment. Some parrots can live for decades, meaning a poor diet can confine the bird to years of poor health.

Let’s have a look at parrot feeding requirements and how tuna can fit into them!

Essential Nutrients Needed in Parrot’s Diet

Birds like parrots have unique dietary requirements. So, before exploring what to feed your parrot, let’s examine the essential nutrients they need.

One of the top causes of parrot illness is vitamin deficiency caused by a lack of fresh vegetables and fruits in the pet birds’ diet.

Essential Nutrients Needed In Pet Parrots Diet

Below are the essential nutrients for parrot health:

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is crucial for tissue growth and repair in birds. It also ensures optimal eye health, hearing, and bone development. When a parrot is deficient in vitamin A, it may display scaly feet and faded feather colour. Server deficiency causes difficulty in breathing and dry eyes and nasal passages.

Because chronic vitamin A deficiency can cause serious illness, feed your parrot foods rich in the nutrient.

B-Group Vitamins

B vitamins help birds cope with stressful situations such as moulting and mating. Such seasons can have a significant effect on overall bird health. Lack of B-group vitamins like vitamins B12, B9, and B6 hinders food digestion and nutrient absorption.

Vitamin D

Parrots and other birds require substantially high levels of vitamin D. Vitamin D enables them to absorb essential minerals like calcium. So, vitamin D deficiency can cause various health problems. They include:

  • Low egg production
  • Soft and fragile egg shells
  • Overgrown or soft beaks
  • Bone fractures
  • Bent knees
  • Splayed legs
  • Seizures

Like humans, birds also depend on sunlight to produce vitamin D. During grooming, they spread oil from their preen gland all over their coats. This oil reacts with sunlight to create vitamin D, meeting the nutritional requirements of wild birds.

However, a domesticated parrot housed indoors lacks enough exposure to sunlight to synthesize enough vitamin D. That’s why it’s important to feed formulated parrot pellets fortified with vitamin D.


Parrots need calcium for bone and beak health. Calcium also ensures healthy feathers and connective tissues. Since it also plays a role in regulating birds’ moods, calcium deficiency can lead to anxiety in parrots.


Proteins help build tissues and muscles. A protein deficiency, therefore, can cause reduced muscle tone. Low protein levels can affect flying and other physical activities, eventually progressing to lethargy and depression.

Parrots need a wide variety of proteins and amino acids for peak health. These nutrients are usually not all available from a single source. Most come from nuts and seeds with high levels of fat. So, take extra caution when deciding which nuts and quantities to feed.

What do Wild Parrots Eat?

There are close to 400 species of parrots on Earth. They feature varying sizes, colours, behaviours, and diet requirements. Their diets often change depending on the available options in their habitats.
Generally, parrots’ diets consist of nuts, seeds, fruits, leafy vegetation, vegetables, and insects. To ensure your parrot lives a long and healthy life, you must feed it various foods that meet all the dietary requirements.

What Should I Feed My Parrot to Improve Health?

Based on the natural diet of parrots in the wild, it is best to feed your pet bird a varied diet for peak health.

The base of your parrot’s diet should be a quality blend of formulated feed. Add fresh treats like vegetables to the feeding regime for the best results. We offer various complete parrot food blends that provide all the nutrients required to keep your bird healthy and vibrant.

Complete Parrot Food or Pellets

High-quality complete parrot food and pellets contain the necessary nutrients for good parrot health. A pelleted diet is a mixture of ingredients compressed into pellets. When choosing parrot food, look for specific formulations for the breed of parrot that you own. If you own a budgie, be sure to buy budgie food.

To promote health and provide your parrot with the full spectrum of nutrients it needs, add to the formulated feed blend with a range of healthy treats.

Refresh your parrot’s feed bowl daily and offer access to water throughout the day.

Leafy Greens

Fresh leafy greens, such as kale, spinach, Swiss chard, romaine lettuce and dandelion are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids that help keep your parrot’s features and skin in prime condition. Romaine lettuce, for example, has large amounts of folic acid and contains 17% protein. It also has nine essential amino acids and vitamin A, making it a parrot “super-food.”

Loaded with vitamin K and A, watercress is another super-food for parrots.

Fresh Vegetables

Vegetables are a great addition to parrot diets. Although parrots can consume virtually any vegetable, not all veggies are the same. Vegetables like lettuce and celery are rich in fibre and water but lack most essential nutrients.

Green or dark yellow vegetables are excellent choices. Parrots love vegetables like broccoli, butternut squash, peppers, mushrooms, tomatoes, and sweet potatoes. These vegetables are rich in vitamin D.
You can chop carrots into chunks to supplement vitamins A and D, as well as to keep your bird busy munching away. Some parrots also love hot chillies.

Fruits and Berries

Parrots love fruits. Berries like blueberries contain various health-promoting vitamins, including vitamin C and K. These vitamins boost immunity and allow your bird to cope with stress and recover faster from illnesses. Since berries and other types of fruits contain a lot of natural sugar, take extra caution not to overfeed them.

Try feeding your parrots fruits such as:

  • Orange
  • Melon
  • Banana
  • Grape
  • Grapefruit
  • Mango
  • Passion fruit
  • Apple
  • Strawberry
  • Plum
  • Raspberry

Legumes and Sprouted Seeds

Proteins are essential for muscle and connective tissue development in parrots. Deficiency can cause various health issues.

Legumes, beans, and sprouts are rich in protein. Freshly sprouted seeds, for example, are packed with nutrients. This high nutrient concentration is because the seeds mobilize nutrient content into a high bio-available and digestible form during early growth.

Sprouted seeds offer high levels of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and antioxidants. Boost your parrot’s nutrition using these highly palatable dietary supplements. Wash seeds thoroughly before feeding them to your parrot.

Nuts and Seeds

Seeds have been the staple of parrot diets for many years. Most pet and wild birds, including parrots, naturally feed primarily on seeds. They’re excellent protein sources and also contain minerals like:

  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Zinc
  • Copper

Do remember that most seeds and nuts are high in natural fats. Feeding too much of them can cause health problems. Some birds become fussy about trying a different diet if they’ve only ever been offered seed. Others even select a few favourite seeds from a seed mix, reducing the balance in their diets. In parrot nutrition, consider seeds and nuts like junk food: they aren’t the healthiest choice though birds love them.

Avoid health problems like high cholesterol by feeding your parrot a quality blended feed with the correct balance of protein, carbohydrates, and fats. This ensures that your pet bird receives the right amount of seeds and nuts it requires.

Use nuts and seeds as training aids or supplements in healthy birds with the right weight. If you offer them as treats, account for the extra calories when formulating your bird’s diet.

Consider giving your parrot whole pumpkin seed or walnuts. Since the bird has to break the shell open to access the seed, offering shelled nuts makes for a great foraging experience.

Mineral and Vitamin Supplements

Cuttlefish bone is a popular choice to help ensure your bird gets enough minerals and calcium. You can also opt for complete calcium supplements in the form of a calcium block.


Water is needed for all processes in a parrot’s body, making it essential for survival and longevity. Parrots should drink approximately 5% of their body weight per day. This amount is sufficient to replace the water lost during respiration and the digestive process.

Offer your parrot clean drinking water adlib; remember to replace the water daily.

Foods to Avoid

Some foods are poisonous to your pet bird. Foods you should never feed parrots include:

  • Avocado
  • Alcohol
  • Cocoa or chocolate
  • Fruit seeds and pits
  • Junk food with high salt, sugar, and fat levels

Birds are lactose intolerant, so avoid milk products. Feeding your parrot these foods can cause severe illness or death. If you provide your parrot with raw peanuts, get human-grade peanuts and feed them in small quantities to prevent exposure to the Aspergillus fungus. This fungus can cause respiratory illnesses and produce aflatoxins, potent carcinogens.

Can Parrots Eat Tuna?

Yes, parrots can consume tuna.

Tuna, a saltwater fish from the Scombridae family, is rich in proteins and essential minerals. With a distinct light pink colour, this fish is available fresh or in cans. It has various nutrients that birds can benefit from, including:

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin is among the water-soluble nutrients found in tuna. It comprises coenzymes that promote growth, cellular functioning, development, and metabolism. Vitamin B2 facilitates the formation of enzymes. Deficiency in Riboflavin can stunt growth and cause dry skin.

Filled with vitamin B2, tuna is a good addition to your parrot’s diet when offered in moderation.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 boosts the immune system and improves the ability of your parrot’s body to respond to diseases. It also helps prevent atherosclerosis in captive birds. Tuna contains large quantities of fatty acids like omega-3, making it a healthy option for your parrot.


Phosphorus is a macro-mineral that enables the repair of cells and tissues. It also aids in the filtering of waste from parrot bodies. This mineral keeps bones strong and boosts energy production. It facilitates calcium metabolism and utilization.

Risks Associated With Feeding Tuna to Parrots

While fish and seafood have many nutrients that nourish your parrot, excess fish can affect bird health. This is why moderating is essential when giving your avian companion animal protein or seafood like tuna.

Tuna contains significant levels of mercury. Heavy metals like mercury can accumulate in the bird’s tissues and cause health complications. Since tuna also has sodium, it should only be a small portion of a parrot’s diet.

If you decide to give your parrot tuna, opt for water-packed tuna and avoid oil-packed canned options.

Preparing Tuna for Your Parrot

Preparing Tuna for Your Parrot

Cooking seafood like tuna thoroughly reduces the toxins in the meat. Prepare tuna for your parrot by:

  • Boiling
  • Broiling
  • Grilling
  • Baking

Avoid oil, seasoning, or salt when cooking the fish.


So, can parrots eat tuna? Yes, but it shouldn’t be a staple in their diet. The base should consist of high-quality parrot pellets and plenty of fresh vegetables.

Observe how much parrot food your pet eats naturally and what food they prefer while monitoring their weight and behaviour to develop the best feeding regime. Make changes to the feeding pattern based on your parrot’s body condition.

Check our online store for everything you need to keep your avian companion healthy and happy.

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