Blue Throated Conure – Profile & Care Guide

blue throated conure

Common name: Blue Throated Conure
Latin name: Pyrrhura cruentata
Length: 30cm/11.8 inches
Weight: 90 grams
Life Span: 15 – 25 years
Origin: E Brazil, from southern Bahia south to Rio de Janeiro.
Noise Level: Low

blue throated conure blue throated conure blue throated conure

Intelligence

Blue Throated Conures are highly intelligent birds.
Words cannot even describe how smart these little birds are. They love playing and being held by their owners and are so open and willing to learn tricks and even how to talk. Though they have a cute squeaky voice, it is amazing how fast a Blue Throated Conure bird can be taught to speak. They truly enjoy performing their newly acquired tricks for their owners as long as you praise them with a treat every time they correctly perform a trick. Spending about 15 minutes a day with your Blue Throated Conure teaching them words and tricks will surely make your Blue Throated Conure a happy bird.

Talking ability

Blue Throated Conures are capable of talking although probably only a few loud whispers. They tend to mimic a woman’s voice easiest as the pitch is higher than a man’s.

Feather Plucking

Blue Throated Conures are not normally prone to feather plucking however a good balanced diet plus loads of attention plus stimulation will ensure that they do not become bored and thus less likely to pluck rather than the usual grooming.

Housing for your Blue Throated Conure Parrot

  • A cage large enough for the bird to exercise its wings should be provided, but your Blue Throated Conure will expect to be out of its cage a lot of the time! As a suggestion the cage should be a minimum of an 18x18x2.
  • Perches should be of natural wood i.e. willow or apple, if possible, as this keeps the feet and claws healthy. A small dish (large ash-tray) of water should be offered DAILY for the bird to bathe in as they do LOVE water.
  • Provide a good selection of appropriate toys – the right size and checked for safety concerns (parts that could be swallowed, strangulation or entrapment hazards). Plan on having your Blue Throated Conure spend a significant amount of time on the outside of his or her cage daily.

Feeding your Blue Throated Conure Parrot

  • Feed good quality parrot mix (with dried fruit included), supplemented with extra peanuts, pine nuts, peppers and; but note of caution is that hemp is very fattening and should only be given in small quantities.
  • Fresh fruit should be offered daily, grapes, apple, orange, pear, pomegranate and banana are readily taken, but most birds have their preferences. Fresh green food, e.g. Lettuce and celery are all beneficial for them.
  • Also, as a treat, offer millet sprays, various nuts including walnut, almond, brazil, pecan etc. (shells removed). Cuttlefish, mineral block, grit and shell are beneficial to them too. Give fresh drinking water daily. Cubed carrot and sweet corn (fresh or tinned, unsalted – drained) should be offered regularly as a source of vitamin A which they need. As a general tonic, a little Nutrobal or Avimix sprinkled on their fruit twice a week is beneficial.

Blue Headed Pionus – Profile & Care Guide

blue headed pionus

Common name: Blue Headed Pionus
Latin name: Pionus menstruus
Length: 28cms/11 inches
Weight: 250-270 grams
Life Span: up to 40 years
Origin: These birds are native to southern Costa Rica in Central America, through South America to northern Bolivia and central Brazil, and on Trinidad.
Noise Level: Low

blue headed pionus blue headed pionus blue headed pionus

Intelligence

The Blue-headed Pionus are active, intelligent and inquisitive birds. Though they are not known to be the best talkers, they make up for this with their friendly disposition and fun antics.

Talking ability

Talking ability for Blue headed Pionus is not a real clear sound in their voice, some tend to be high pitch and some maybe a lower toned pitch in the voice pattern. Their voice sounds rather raspy or garbled.

Feather Plucking

The Blue headed Pionus is not prone to feather plucking. However, again, boredom could induce feather plucking.

Housing for your Blue Headed Pionus Parrot

  • A cage a minimum size of 61cm x 61cm x 81cm is recommended.
  • The bar spacing should be 2cm.
  • The bird should ideally be able to fly from perch to perch, especially if your bird is kept in the cage most of the day.

 

Feeding your Blue Headed Pionus

  • Their diet consists of seeds, fruits, berries, and green stuffs.
  • Including a formulated diet would also be beneficial.
  • Fresh clean water should be available at all times. Food and water dishes should be washed daily.

 

In summarising, the Blue-headed Pionus is noted for its gentle nature and can become a very devoted pet, sometimes bonding fiercely to their owner. They are considered an excellent bird for a beginner parrot owner, and because they are generally calm and quiet, they are also a great pet for people who live in apartments. 

Maximillian Pionus – Profile & Care Guide

Maximillian Pionus

Common name: Maximillian Pionus
Latin name: Pionus maximilliani
Length: 29cms/11.5 inches
Weight: 225-275 grams
Life Span: 40 years
Origin: North Eash Brazil from Espírito Santo north to Piauí and Ceará
Noise Level: Medium

Maximillian Pionus Maximillian Pionus Maximillian Pionus

Intelligence

These little parrots are very inquisitive, intelligent and have very good memories. Once they have learned a behavior such as stepping up they are very obedient and will remain steady in their training.

Talking ability

In general they have poor talking ability.

Feather Plucking

The Maximillian is not really as prone to behavior problems like feather plucking. However boredom could induce feather plucking.

Housing for your Maximillian Pionus Parrot

  • A good recommendation would be a cage a minimum size of 75cm x 75cm x 90cm. If your Maximillian parrot is going to be home alone all day, do consider a larger cage as it will need enough room for a variety of toys and room to swing and play between them.
  • The bar spacing should be 1.5cm – 2cm
  • The Maximilian’s Pionus is a very active parrot and needs the largest space that your home can accommodate — ideally, this parrot should be able to fly from perch to perch, especially so if the pionus is kept in the cage most of the day
  • This being said, however roomy the cage, every bird should be allowed to be out of the cage for a minimum of three hours each day. Many birds can spend a good deal of their time on a play pen or parrot perch. As they are not strong chewers, durable cage construction is not as critical as it would be for the largest species of parrots.
  • They are technically inclined and learn to open locks pretty quickly and locks or escape-proof latches may be recommended.

Feeding Maximillian Pionus

  • Their diet in the wild consists of fruit, seeds, flowers and nectar. Like all Pionus they will eat cultivated grain if they come upon it!
  • They should be offered a varied diet consisting of fresh fruit and vegetables, seeds, nuts, and high quality pellets. If your bird is reluctant to try new foods, time and patience is of the essence here.
  • Fresh clean water should be available at all times. Food and water dishes should be washed daily.

In summarising, like all the Pionus the Maximilian makes an ideal pet. They are beautiful, relatively quiet and exceptionally sweet. These beautiful parrots enjoy communicated with body language, by blinking their eyes in affection to holding your finger and doing the famous Pionus Strut! They are very affectionate and although they are not birds that particularly enjoy being cuddled they do love a head scratch. They are quite independent birds, they are happy to amuse themselves with toys and food without constant attention from the owner.

White Capped Pionus – Profile & Care Guide

white capped pionus

Common name: White Capped Pionus
Latin name: Pionus seniloides
Length: 24 cms / 9.5 inches
Weight: 200 – 250 grams
Life Span: up to 40 years
Origin: Mexico, Central America.
Noise Level: Low, although can be more active at dawn. A noisy household may encourage louder vocalisation.

white capped pionus white capped pionus white capped pionus

Intelligence

White capped Pionus parrots are gentle, intelligent and loyal. The White capped Pionus is the smallest among the Pionus species, but usually the feistiest as well. White-capped Pionus parrots can be shy with new people, but if introduced and socialized properly they will warm up to company.

Talking ability

Moderate. The white cap is a better talker than many of the other Pionus species.

Feather Plucking

The White capped Pionus is not prone to feather plucking. However extreme boredom could induce feather plucking.

Housing for your White Capped Pionus Parrot

  • A cage a minimum size of 60cm x 60cm x 80cm is recommended.
  • The bar spacing should be 1.5cm – 2cm
  • The bird should ideally be able to fly from perch to perch, especially so if the pionus is kept in the cage most of the day.

Feeding your White Capped Pionus Parrot

  • Their diet consists of seeds, fruits, berries, and green stuffs.
  • Including a formulated diet would also be beneficial
  • Fresh clean water should be available at all times. Food and water dishes should be washed daily.

In summarising, like all the Pionus the white capped Pionus makes an ideal pet. They are relatively quiet, full of silly quirks and temperaments and exceptionally sweet.

White Fronted Amazon – Profile & Care Guide

white fronted amazon

Common name: White Fronted Amazon (aka Spectacled Amazon)
Latin name: Amazona albifrons
Length: 26 – 28 cms / 10 – 11 inches
Weight: 190 – 250 grams
Life Span: up to 50 years
Origin: Mexico and central America (through to Costa Rica)
Noise Level: Noisy! But quieter than their larger cousins.

white fronted amazon white fronted amazon white fronted amazon

Intelligence

These little birds are very social and enjoy the companionship of humans as well as other Amazons. They do make a wonderful companion, however they do need to be well socialized at a young age to different people and new situations, or as they age they can become rather shy. This can lead to problems of fright and stress, resulting in aggression etc.

Talking ability

Fairly good!

Feather Plucking

This is not common in these Amazons, however through stress or depression, it can happen.

Housing for your White Fronted Amazon Parrot

  • The larger the cage, the better.As a rule the cage size should be a minimum of 60″ x 36″ x 24″.
  • The cage should be situated in a part of the house where the bird will have lots of contact with people, in other words a high people – traffic area.
  • As many toys as possible should be provided especially if the bird is left alone most of the day.
  • They should be allowed a minimum of 3 – 4 hours out of cage time per day.

Feeding White Fronted Amazon Parrot

  • In the wild their diet consists of fruit, berries, plants, seeds and nuts.
  • It would be best to feed your White Fronted Amazon on a high quality pelleted diet, supplemented with a good seed mix and daily servings of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Provide some extra protein in the form of boiled egg
  • Fresh clean water should be available at all times. Food and water dishes should be washed daily.

In summarising, although the White-fronted Amazon is the smallest of all the Amazons, it thinks that it is the biggest! These dynamic little birds have no concept of their size.

An interesting fact is that the White fronted Amazon is sexually dimorphic in that the sexes can be distinguished by visual appearance. Males have bright red feathers on their shoulders / linings of wings and the females have green shoulders / wing linings.