Parrot Diet – Feeds, seeds, and health needs

Parrot Diet

Feeding a healthy and balanced parrot diet is one of the most important tasks for keeping healthy pet parrots. You don’t want to be the cause of any unwanted sickness and you don’t want to be the cause of any overfeeding. A large number of illnesses in pet parrots can be directly linked to incorrect parrot diet and overfeeding. In this blog we will provide you with the basic understanding of seed and complete diets for parrots and help you choose the right one for your feathered friend.

SEED VS COMPLETE PARROT DIETS

First and foremost, if you’re feeding your parrot a mixture of seeds, fresh fruit, and vegetables you are on the right track to keeping your parrot healthy.

FOOD TO AVOID

Toxic Parrot FoodsThere are kinds of foods you must avoid feeding your parrot to eliminate the onset of unwelcome illness. These foods include high-fat junk food (obviously we know this, but not uncommon), avocado, chocolate, alcohol, caffeine, fruit pits, persimmons, table salt, onions, apple seeds, and mushrooms. Many of the afore mentioned foods are primarily what humans eat, and we strongly urge you not to feed your parrot processed or cooked foods on a regular basis – as a treat every now and then is fine, however we recognise this as the first step towards poor health for your parrot. Processed food is bad for humans and twice as bad for pet birds. When was the last time you saw a McDonalds or Kebab shop in the jungle?

PICKY = OVER-FEEDING

What we all need to keep in mind is that parrots can be very picky when it comes to food. If you give them too much choice of different foods and large quantity of it, they will only eat what they like the most and waste the rest. Leading to not so healthy food regime despite the high quality ingredients you may be using. Almost 90% of the parrots in captivity I have come across are over-fed.

SEED PARROT DIETS

Tidymix Seed Parrot DietWhen considering seed diets, make sure it is low in sunflower seeds, rich in nutrition, and keep feeding to the appropriate quantity – make an effort to recognise when you’re over feeding. If you are not sure how much to feed your parrot, try this simple technique – In the morning feed your parrot as normal. In the evening (around 8pm) if there is still a lot of food in the bowl or uneaten food on the bottom of the cage and floor then you are over-feeding. Start reducing the amount of food you deliver by small fractions until you notice that by the evening all the food has been finished and there is hardly any waste.
For those of you who prefer to feed twice per day we would suggest that you get the right amount first, using the method above and then simply split it in two.
Here is a link to our range of healthy seed diets suitable for all parrots:
http://www.parrotessentials.co.uk/seed-diets-for-parrots

COMPLETE PARROT DIETS

Harrison's Organic Parrot DietFeeding on a complete parrot diet is of course very different. Complete diets contain everything that a bird needs when it comes to nutritional value, vitamins and minerals. This means you can feed your pet only on the pellets and nothing else. This will deliver the best possible diet to a pet parrot and it will most certainly keep them in top condition.
Many parrot owners are not happy explicitly feeding strictly pellets and prefer to give fresh fruit and vegetables too. That is fine, but then a complete diet becomes incomplete again. Still 100% better than a bad sunflower based seed diet. Right? If you are going to add a fresh mix to a complete diet you need to make sure that it is not more than 15% of the daily food intake.
Here is the link to the complete parrot diets in our store: http://www.parrotessentials.co.uk/complete-diets-for-parrots

Let’s take a look at potential causes of illness for your parrot and the optimal diet for your parrot.

POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS & THE OPTIMAL PARROT DIET

Intuitively and factually it makes sense that the main causes of illness in parrots is due to poor diet, and poor environment. Other causes include trauma but is not as prominent as the above mentioned. Optimising diet and environmental conditions are the key steps towards avoiding the many problems that avian veterinarians identify as avoidable. Poor or inadequate diet is the number one culprit causing illness. Dietary deficiencies cause a wide range of diseases such as poor feather colour, feather picking, severe upper respiratory infections, and even egg binding when laying eggs.

Very often Avian vets will recommend switching from a seed parrot diet to a complete parrot diet if your parrot has been on a poor food mixture regime over a long period of time, that is mainly consisting of fatty nutrients, or if your parrot is showing signs of the aforementioned health deficiencies. If switching is required, it should never be done overnight, and if there is evidence of a medical condition consulting an avian veterinarian is of the utmost importance prior to doing so.

In most cases 4 – 6 weeks is plenty of time to change from one diet to another. Start by introducing the new food in small quantity and increase the amount offered every 2 – 3 days. At the same time decrease the quantity of the old food by the same amount.
The Optimal parrot diet is something all parrot owners need to consider, given that we all want our feathery friends to tick the boxes for healthy immune and digestive systems. The optimal diet will also promote healthy cognitive and social development for your parrot. The best way to think about this diet is to think of what food would be good for a human with a heart condition.

A mixture of pellets, fruits and vegetables are a great option. Adding multi-vitamins and supplements is a good way to boost healthy immune system activity in conjunction with the aforementioned dietary recommendations. Treats are permitted, but moderation is key! We suggest honey sticks or nuts once a month or less. ALWAYS make sure their bowl is clean and disinfected at all times! Seeds are a great addition to an optimal diet, however we will continue to stress how important it is to avoid sunflower and peanut based diets. Warning: If there is left over seeds, you are over-feeding or if your bird is overweight despite the absence of a fatty seed diet, you’re over feeding.

Avoid any infections with a clean cage at all times. Your parrots are like 3 -4 year olds – very intelligent we might add, but need that around the clock attention as much as possible. Clean bowls for both drinking and bathing are so important, and if you have more than one bird, make sure you are disinfecting their bowls on a daily basis.

Closing thoughts

Well we hope this helps you along your way to caring for your feathery friend and keeping them happy. Parrot diet is one thing, but optimal parrot care comes down to a holistic approach, coupled with the utmost attentiveness. Remember; your parrot is like a young child, treat them like one, observe them like one. Always consult your nearest avian vet if you identify any irregularities or signs of disease. We know your parrot will be happy and healthy if you are considering all needs across the board.

Budgie (Budgerigar) – Profile & Care Guide

Common name: BUDGERIGAR (Budgie)
Latin name: Melopsittacus undulates
Length: 18-20 cm (7-7.8 in)
Weight: 22 – 32 gr (0.8-1.1 oz)
Life Span: 6 – 18 years
Origin: Central and Southern Australia
Noise Level: Quiet warbling to sharp chattering, quiet screech
Buy: Food, Toys, Cages & Accessories suitable for Budgie

BudgieBudgieBudgie

INTELLIGENCE

In spite of their small size, Budgies are big on brains and personality. Many have been taught to whistle tunes and talk, and are just as intelligent as some larger bird species. With proper training and socialization, they can be a delightful addition to almost any family.

TALKING ABILITY

These little birds can have vocabulary of more than 1700 words, with successful training. They are very chatty and they can even start making up their own phrases. The famous budgie called Disco has such a big vocabulary and pronounce the phrases he learned so well that everyone loves listening to his tiny and lovely voice:

FEATHER PLUCKING

Whilst it is not as common to feather pluck (as in African Grey parrots or cockatoos) it does still happen. They do require a substantial amount of mental stimulation and an adequate amount of undivided attention from their human companions.

HOUSING FOR YOUR BUDGIE

  • The cage that you purchase must be as large as possible. Note, the width is more important than the height as budgerigars need to have spacious flying space.
  • As a rule the cage size for one budgie should be a minimum of 12″ x 18″ x 18″, while for two – 39” x 20” x 32”.
  • The bar spacing is very important. And it should be no more than ½” to 5/8” (1.3 – 1.6 cm).
  • Ideally locate it in a quiet corner away from busy or noisy parts of the house. From there they can see people coming and going but aren’t surrounded by activity and noise, which can be stressful.
  • Locate it out of direct sunlight and draughts.
  • Variety of toys should be available for your playful budgie. Such as, foot toys, destructible (non-toxic) toys, non-destructible (non-toxic plastic) toys, food-finder toys, preening toys, different texture and size hanging perch toys, fir branches, push-and-pull toys (sliding up and down), vegetable tanned leather toys.
  • They should be allowed out of cage on daily basis.

FEEDING & SUPPLEMENTS FOR YOUR BUDGIE

  • Feed your budgies good quality, commercially available budgie food every day. We recommend complete pelleted foods, as they contain the right nutrients in the right amount. Always follow the amounts on the packet guidelines. Replace any uneaten food daily.
  • Give them bird grit, available from pet shops. This helps them grind their food in their stomach and helps with digestion.
  • Give vitamin supplements recommended by your vet.
  • You can give the items below in small quantities. Wash them first to remove any chemical traces. Cut them into smaller pieces. You don’t need to take the skin off. Give them to your budgies in a separate bowl from their pellets.
    Healthy organic foods & supplements: Apple, sweet potato, salad cress, grated carrot, grapes, pumpkin, winter squash, broccoli, parsley, spinach, mango, and papaya.
  • While many commercial budgie diets consist of only seeds, they alone do not provide adequate nutrition for pet birds. Most veterinarians recommend that budgies are placed on a diet of extruded pellets, as they contain important vitamins and nutrients and can be fortified with additional supplements.
  • Budgies should also be offered a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, including apples, grapes, and leafy greens.
  • Fresh clean water should be available at all times. Food and water dishes should be washed daily.

FACTS

Because of their small size, they are easy to keep and care for, making them a wonderful option for children. They are a snap to clean up after, inexpensive to feed, and can easily be kept in a small condo or apartment.

In spite of their small size, Budgies are big on brains and personality. Many have been taught to whistle tunes and talk, and are just as intelligent as some larger bird species. With proper training and socialization, they can be a delightful addition to any family.

While they look forward to time spent with their human companions, they can be quite independent, making them perfect for novice bird owners. Those that wish to form an especially strong bond with their pet budgie should resist the temptation to add other birds to the home, as budgies can sometimes be less enthusiastic about people in a flock environment.

Interesting fact about these little feathered friends is their cere which is blue in male birds and brown in female